Tuesday, October 27, 2015

Tombstone Tuesday: Lilly E. and Henry L. Garland, Granbury, Texas

Some months ago, I was at my local Granbury Cemetery taking some photos of the grave of the town's namesake for a Civil War challenge blog post.  Whenever I'm at the cemetery, I try to fill some FindAGrave requests, and/or wander around taking photos of interesting tombstones.  This one caught my eye:


As you can see, parts of the tombstone are difficult to read.  Here's how the inscriptions were interpreted back in May 1989, according to the Hood County Genealogical Society Granbury Cemetery Records, (E-G):

Name of Deceased
Date of Birth
Date of Death
Lot Number
Son of T.E. & Tammie Garland
02/25/1874
11/03/1875
026
Daughter of T.E. & Tammie Garland
01/14/1877
02/19/1877
026


I looked for Garlands in Hood County on the 1870 and 1880 Census.  I did not find any that were even close to T. E. and Tammie in 1870, but for 1880 in Granbury Precinct 1, I found an Ed Garland, age 34 on census day (June 3), his wife Fanie L., age 24, and their son George E., age 1.  Ed is listed as born in Indiana of parents from England.  Fanie was born in Louisiana of parents from Alabama and South Carolina.  George was born in Texas.  Ed’s occupation is listed as “news paper.” 1

Searching for an Ed Garland born in Indiana between 1845 and 1847 on FamilySearch.org brought up a pension record for an Edward Garland who had served in "E 10 I[ow]a Inf[antry]" and who filed as an invalid in Indiana in September 1884.  His widow Fannie L. began collecting a pension in March 1912 in Missouri. 2

This told me he might have moved to Indiana or Missouri by September 1884, and that he likely died in early 1912.  I tried some searches in FindAGrave.com using just the last name, a 1912 death year, and variations on the name and initials (F., Edward, Ed), and bingo!

The FindAGrave memorial for Francis Edward "Ed" Garland had a transcription of his obituary from the February 15, 1912 Carthage [Missouri] Evening Press.  Various details matched up, including the following:
At the close of the [Civil] war he was successful in passing a competitive examination for West Point, but failed to take advantage of it and went instead to Hood county, in Texas. In making his trip to the Lone Star state, he passed through Carthage. That was in 1867. At the time, he stopped here for a short while before continuing his journey. It was in Hood County, Texas that he married Miss Fannie Faucett...
I'll come back to Ed and his career in Hood County, Texas, in a later post.  I went back and looked for Ed Garland in the 1870 Census, but this time in Missouri.  I found him in Jasper County (where Carthage is located) with his older brother Thomas’ family.  Thomas is an editor and Edward’s occupation appears to be printer, likely working for his brother.  The brothers’ birthplace is correctly recorded as England.  3

In fact, Thomas M. Garland was the founder and editor of the Carthage Banner, which he began in December 1866 and gave up in 1879, when he began his political career as city treasurer of Carthage, ultimately ending as a justice of the peace.  Perhaps Ed was inspired to start his own newspaper by his brother – but I’ll come back to that.

I next went to the 1900 Census and, at 413 Clinton Street in Carthage, Missouri, found Francis E. Garland, born in November 1843 in England; his wife, Frances L. Garland, born in November 1854 in Arkansas, and daughters Nellie, born October 1882 in Texas, and Jeannette, born March 1889 in Missouri.  The census also indicates the couple had been married 26 years as of June 11, so they probably married about 1873.

That year was one where enumerators recorded the number of children a woman had given birth to, and how many still survived.  Frances' (Fannie's) numbers were six and two respectively. 

Two of the deceased children are likely to be Henry and Lilly.  It also appears George E. Garland, who was about a year old at the 1880 Census, passed away sometime before 1900.  I have been unable to find any records for a George Garland born in Texas about 1878-9 beyond that on the 1880 Census.  Nor is George mentioned in his father’s obituary.  There appears to have once been a small headstone next to Henry's and Lilly's graves in the Granbury Cemetery, but it is long gone – perhaps that was George’s.

Daughter Nellie Garland Frazier Harrison Schlect Roberts was apparently the fourth child.  She had at least four husbands.  An April 15, 1903 article in the Carthage Evening Press indicates that she and first husband Harry G. Frazier eloped in Columbus, Kansas, when he was 19 and she was 20.  (I found their license for April 12.) 5  They had a son, George Garland Frazier, born in July 1906, but Harry died a little over a year later, in August 1907.

Nellie then married Dixon Alexander Harrison  – or at least they got a marriage license on April 7, 1909, in Jasper County. It does not appear to have been returned.   She is listed as his wife in the 1910 Census 7  and as Mrs. Richard Harrison in her father Ed Garland’s 1912 obituary -- I could see how Dixon could be misinterpreted as Richard.

Apparently they divorced (assuming they were ever married), as later records show a marriage between a Mrs. Nell Frazier and William J Schlect on November 10, 1914, in St Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri.   She is listed as Mrs. Will Schlect in her sister Jeannette’s obituary in November 1918, and as his wife on the 1920 Census.9    However, on the 1930 census, Nellie Schlect is divorced from him and living with her widowed mother and her nephew (Jeannette’s son).10  

Nellie then married Elijah Tom Roberts on March 17, 1933, in Lancaster, Schuyler County, Missouri. 11   When her mother Frances Louise “Fannie” Fawcett Garland died on January 29, 1936 in Carthage, Nellie was listed as the informant on the death certificate as Mrs. Tom Roberts, and I found a listing for a Nellie Roberts in the Carthage city directory in 1937.  However, they were apparently divorced by the 1940 census (Tom is living in Liberty, Schuyler County, Missouri and listed as divorced – I’m pretty sure it’s the right Tom Roberts as he said he lived in Carthage in 1935). 12  At Tom’s death in 1941, he is listed as widowed on his death certificate.  It may be that the informant did not know his status for sure.  Perhaps Nellie had died by then, or perhaps she had remarried once more.  At any rate, I can’t find her past 1937.

Interestingly, I found a record in the Missouri Pre-1910 Birth and Death Records database for the birth of a female child named Lena Garland on March 22, 1889, in Carthage, Missouri, the 5th child of Edward and Fannie Faudette/Fancette Garland.  This is the same date of birth as for Jeannette B. Garland, so apparently Lena and Jeannette are the same person.  If Lena/Jeannette was the fifth child, and if Fannie did have six children, then a sixth child was born sometime after Lena/Jeannette that died before the 1900 Census.

Jeannette married Gilbert W. Cowman and had a son, Edwin Garland Cowman, about 1910.  She died at the age of 29 on November 2, 1918, of influenza and pneumonia.

In a future post, I’ll discuss Francis Edward (F. E.) Garland’s newspaper career in Granbury, Texas, which is further evidence that the Henry L. Garland (1874-1875) and Lilly E. Garland (b/d 1877) in the Granbury Cemetery are his children.

Sources:

"United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFNK-RLV : accessed 5 October 2015), Ed Garland, Granbury, Hood, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district 141, sheet 2D, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1311; FHL microfilm 1,255,31

 2  "United States General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-24232-16211-88?cc=1919699 : accessed 5 October 2015), Garch, Joseph - Garnier, John > image 3272 of 4540; citing NARA microfilm publication T288 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

 "United States Census, 1870," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11928-93046-50?cc=1438024 : accessed 5 October 2015), Missouri > Jasper > Marion > image 35 of 104; citing NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11850-60782-26?cc=1325221  : accessed 5 October 2015), Missouri > Jasper > ED 61 Marion Township Carthage city Ward 4 > image 9 of 44; citing NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

 5  "Kansas Marriages, 1840-1935," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FWLX-T98 : accessed 26 October 2015), Harry Frazier and Nell Garland, 12 Apr 1903; citing Columbus, Cherokee, Kansas, reference p217 cn2706; FHL microfilm 1,411,997.

 6  "Missouri, County Marriage, Naturalization, and Court Records, 1800-1991," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-36928-2294-22?cc=2060668 : accessed 26 October 2015), Jasper > Marriage records 1908-1910 vol 31-32 > image 134 of 601; Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City.

 7  "United States Census, 1910", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M2YG-2ZQ : accessed 26 October 2015), Nellie Harrison in entry for Dixon A Harrison, 1910.

 8  "Missouri, County Marriage, Naturalization, and Court Records, 1800-1991," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QKZ7-GVRJ : accessed 26 October 2015), William J Schlecht and Nell Frazier, 10 Nov 1914; citing Marriage, Buchanan, Missouri, United States, p. 558, Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City.

 9  "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8H4-MS5 : accessed 26 October 2015), Nellie Schlecht in household of Wm James Schlecht, Carthage Ward 4, Jasper, Missouri, United States; citing sheet 8A, family 194, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,820,922.

 10  "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHFK-48B : accessed 26 October 2015), Nellie Schlecht in household of Fannie L Garland, Carthage, Jasper, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 0043, sheet 5A, family 136, line 33, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1206; FHL microfilm 2,340,941.

 11  "Missouri, County Marriage, Naturalization, and Court Records, 1800-1991," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-33446-16451-72?cc=2060668 : accessed 26 October 2015), Schuyler > Marriage licenses 1933 Jan-1935 Nov vol 8b > image 120 of 572; Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City.

 12  "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-27866-3578-51?cc=2000219 : accessed 26 October 2015), Missouri > Schuyler > Liberty Township > 99-8 Liberty Township outside Lancaster City > image 1 of 17; citing NARA digital publication T627 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012).


© Amanda Pape - 2015 - click here to e-mail me.

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