Tuesday, June 26, 2018

Tuesday's Tip: Ewald Pape's C-File

I initially requested the citizenship file (C-file) of my architect first-cousin-twice-removed Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976) from the U. S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) back in early October, 2015, shortly after I had received Ewald's A-File (Alien Case File) from the National Archives.  Their index search (cost then:  $20) was successful, although it took them until February 8, 2016, to write a letter to notify me.  I ordered the actual file (cost then:  $35) almost immediately upon receipt of that letter, at the end of February, 2016.

Almost 16 MONTHS later, I received a letter telling me the file was "lost and/or missing."  However, I was also told they were "working with the records holding facility to rectify this issue through record reconciliations and auditing procedures.  This process 'finds' previously lost files every day, thus another Record Request in future could yield a different result."

Uh-huh.  They refunded the $35 - but a new Record Request now cost $65.  The cynic in me was convinced it was only "lost" because of the rate raise.

After reading in a Facebook genealogy group about the success some others were having getting records (and more quickly than 16 months) under the new fee structure, I resubmitted my request - and $65 - on May 18, 2018.

I recently received a letter dated June 7 with the records.  I was disappointed that my $65 only got five pages - three of which were the 1936 Declaration of Intent and 1941 Petition for Naturalization already available on Ancestry.com.  There was a copy of a case file computer punch card (pretty useless) too.  The only other item in the file was his certificate of naturalization (click it to enlarge):

Needless to say, I am VERY disappointed.  Even the copies of the Petition and Declaration are not as good as what's on Ancestry, because USCIS redacted some information - despite the fact that I sent proof of the death of Ewald's son (per the FAQ), and the two witnesses would be long dead and no longer living at their redacted addresses.

I was also disappointed because I thought the file would have far more in it.  I was hoping for information on exactly *why* he was arrested in January 1942.  The USCIS' image gallery for C-Files led me to believe there would be far more in the file than there was.  Now I wonder if the FBI has a file on him that I should request.

I guess the only other thing I got for my $85 ($20 search and $65 retrieval) was another photograph of Ewald:

So my tip for this Tuesday?  Thoroughly scour all the possible sources for your immigrant's paperwork (Ancestry, FamilySearch, and records at the state, county, and city level, and the National Archives) BEFORE you spend any money with USCIS.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Tombstone Tuesday: Lorenz Pape

Lorenz Pape was born October 30, 1862, in Boedefeld, Westphalia, Germany, the youngest of four sons of Jacob Pape (born about 1818) and Maria Elisabeth Gierse (born about 1830).  He is the youngest brother of my great-grandfather John Pape (1851-1945).

Lorenz married Maria Henrietta Kamp (born December 17, 1862, in Duesseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, died between 1896 and 1899 in Germany).  They had six children:  Karl (1889-1958), Joseph (1891-1936), Maria (1892-1977), August (1893-1947), Ewald Theodore (1894-1976), and Petronella "Nellie" (1896-1930).

After Maria Henrietta's death, Lorenz married Maria Brauman and had two more children:  Lorenz Jr. (1899-1977) and Margaret "Grete" (1904-1988).

Lorenz and his two oldest sons left Antwerp, Belgium, on May 15, 1913, and arrived in Boston, Massachusetts, on May 27, on their way to join John's family in Evanston, Illinois.  The next four children followed in December 1913, and Grete immigrated in 1923.  Only his second wife Maria and son Lorenz Jr. stayed in Germany.

By 1914, Lorenz was living at 1622 Forest Avenue in Wilmette, Illinois, and working as a painter with his sons Karl and August.  On the 1920 Census, though, he's living in Port Edwards in Wood County, Wisconsin, along with Karl, Ewald, and Nellie (Maria married Herman Walter there the previous year).

Lorenz died March 23, 1932, in Nekoosa, Wood County, Wisconsin, following a six-week illness with pneumonia.  He is buried at Sacred Heart Cemetery in Nekoosa, section E, row 2.

The photo above was taken by his great-grandson Dale Arendt, a descendant of George and Nellie Pape Arendt.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, June 17, 2018

Remembering Dad on Father's Day

My dad, Frederick Henry Pape (1929-2017) and me at the wedding of my brother Brian and Paige at the Hamilton Twelve, Austin, Texas, March 1, 2003.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Friday, June 15, 2018

Friday's Faces From the Past: Happy 50th Anniversary, Ann and Mike!

Michael "Mike" William Beug and Frances Ann "Ann" Gresham were married at 2 p.m. on June 15, 1968, at the University Presbyterian Church in Seattle, Washington.  Witnesses were the best man, the groom's brother Patrick C. Beug, and the maid of honor, the bride's sister June Marie Gresham.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, June 10, 2018

Black Sheep Sunday? Ewald Pape's A-File

I was very surprised a few years ago to learn that my architect first cousin twice removed, Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976), had an A-File - an Alien Case File - during World War II.  I requested a copy of this file from the National Archives on September 29, 2015, paid $36 for the 45-page copy, and received a PDF via e-mail three days later.

Despite submitting a declaration of intent to become a citizen in December 1920, and serving in the United States Army from then through July 1922, Ewald did not submit a petition for naturalization within the required seven year time frame.  He later (November 1942) stated that he thought he acquired citizenship through his military service, and only learned he was still an alien when he applied for membership with the American Legion.  He did submit another declaration of intent on October 28, 1936.  He *could* have filed another petition three years later, but for some reason he did not - and then the Alien Registration (Smith) Act took effect on June 28, 1940.

Above:  Ewald T. Pape's fingerprint and photo from his March 14, 1942 Application for Certificate of Identification (Aliens of Enemy Nationalities) Form AR-AE-22

Here's what happened to Ewald, based on information in his A-File and other sources:

October 1, 1940:  Ewald completes the required Alien Registration Form AR-2.

August 6, 1941:  Ewald's petition for naturalization is filed.

January 27, 1942:  Warrant of arrest issued by Attorney General of the United States, Francis Biddle - less than two months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the United States' entry into World War II in Europe and the Pacific.

January 28, 1942:  Ewald is apprehended by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and received by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS, now U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, or USCIS) in Portland, Oregon, because "he had in his home certain articles which he was prohibited from having under the regulations pertaining to alien enemies."  Prohibited items included all firearms, short-wave radios, cameras, knives, and “signaling devices” such as flashlights.

According to an April 24, 1944 interview with his wife Alma, she "always felt she was to blame for her husband having been interned because she said he had suggested turning in the short wave radio set in order to comply with the enemy alien regulations, but she believed, being an American citizen herself, she could keep the set in the home, and not realizing the fact that her husband would be blamed."

February 14, 1942:  Appeared before Alien Enemy Hearing Board, which recommended that he be immediately paroled.

February 18, 1942:  Became "desperately ill" and moved from the local immigration detention station to the [Robert C.Coffey Memorial Hospital in Portland, for an operation for a perforating ulcer in his stomach.  (His April 27, 1942, draft registration card indicated that he had an operation on his right side at the waist.)  He spent the next 60 days at home recuperating, and never reopened his [architectural] office in the Sherlock Building (SW 3rd at Oak), according to his April 3, 1943 interview.

March 4, 1942:  Attorney General concurs in the recommendation for parole.

March 14, 1942:  Parole takes effect, at 10:30 a.m., immediately after his release from the hospital.  C. D. Warrington is his sponsor.  He's required to report twice a month to his sponsor, and on the first of each month to his INS parole officer.  He also completes an Application for Certificate of Identification (Aliens of Enemy Nationalities) Form AR-AE-22 on this date, from which the above photograph and fingerprint image are taken.

April 27, 1942:  Registers for the draft.

June 1942:  Employed by the Portland Door Company, 4701 SE 24th Avenue, "in charge of the architectural work and as a supervisor for the company at different places where defense houses are being constructed in this city of material furnished contractors by said company.  At the present time this company is furnishing material to a contractor who is building 360 [housing] units in the Guild's Lake District in Northwest Portland.  Mr. Pape observes the construction of the houses by the contractors and suggests changes and also sees to it that the required material is delivered to the site in proper order."  Guild's Lake Courts was a project of the Housing Authority of Portland, to combat a housing shortage for shipbuilders and other wartime industry workers.

June 24, 1942:  John S. Fisher is named sponsor, as Warrington is now in the Coast Guard.

March 11 through April 3, 1943:  Interviews of three neighbors, sponsor, and Ewald; report of investigations "relating to the conduct and activities of the above-named alien enemy parolee" submitted, recommending continuation of parole "under the terms of the present agreement."

March 18, 1943:  Ewald's petition for naturalization is "continued until end of war."

November 16-17, 1943:  Interviews of four neighbors, sponsor, and Ewald; report submitted recommending continuation of parole.

Ewald states that he "is in charge of the architectural work....in connection with defense housing," and "that if it were not for his present status he could be doing other important work which would pay a great deal more than he is receiving at the present time."  He also "indicated that his parole has been a frequent source of worry to him inasmuch as he and his wife are conscious of the fact that their neighbors and friends are aware of his situation and that at times it has hampered his work."

April 20-27, 1944:  Interviews of sponsor, three neighbors, co-worker, employer, Alma, and Ewald; report submitted recommending continuation of parole.

April 28, 1944:  Zenon C. R. Hansen is named sponsor as Fisher is being called into military service.

August 1944:  Joseph H. Page, a lawyer, becomes Ewald's sponsor.

November 8-29, 1944:  Interviews of three neighbors, his sponsor, his employer, and Ewald; report submitted recommending release from parole.

His employer, Leo Hanley, the owner of the Portland Door Company, says he has known Ewald "over a period of twenty years" and he "is a sedulous individual, an expert in his line and a loyal employee...[who] drew the plans for the Bailey bridge which was recently built by our service in France and is now drawing the plans for seventy five miles of bridge work to be used in Europe by the armed services.....[he] has been the architect for approximately 1500 defense housing units and is at present working on a design for post-war houses which they hope to ship in bundles to Africa, China, and Europe."  Hanley added that if he "had any suspicion that subject [Ewald] was disloyal, he could not affort to employ him in his combustible business."

In his interview, Ewald presented a copy of his honorable discharge from the Army and a June 9, 1922 letter of recommendation from Major C. B. Hazeltine, who said "he has been a draftsman in my office and has done a great deal of inside drafting and outside topographical work.  He is at the present time my chief draftsman and could remain as such, should he so desire....I have found this man at all times and under all circumstances, loyal, competent, and willing.  I consider him a very good draftsman, and extremely neat and painstaking in his work."

The November 14, 1944 recommendation of V. W. Tomlinson, officer in charge, Portland, Oregon, stated "I am familiar with the high type of work he is performing in the furtherance of the war effort and I am convinced that he is not a potential danger to the internal security of the United States.  Quite the contrary, he has contributed far more than the average to our war effort and this record will bear out that he has scarcely received a decent wage for his efforts." (Ewald had noted in his November 1944 interview that he worked 8-9 hours a day, six days a week, for $50 per week.)

The November 18, 1944 recommendation of E. F. Schwandt, Chief, Detention, Deportation & Parole Section, Seattle, Washington, stated that Ewald "has been employed since his parole in an industry which is vitally important to the war efforts of the United States.  During this time he has had every opportunity to damage the war effort had he been so inclined, as even a slight deviation from established practices in preparing architectural plans would have resulted in serious delay in the completion of structures manufactured by his employers.  Apparently nothing of the kind has occurred during his employment and the subject has conducted himself in a manner indicative of his loyalty and good will toward the well-being of this country."

May 2, 1945:  Attorney General Biddle orders release from parole.

May 11, 1945:  Released from parole - three days after V-E Day, the end of World War II in Europe.

December 12, 1947:  Ewald finally takes his oath of allegiance and becomes a United States citizen.


© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

(Not-So-) Wordless Wednesday: Dad and Lucky, April or May, 1952

This photo was taken on the front entry of 2093 W. Lunt Avenue in Chicago in either late April or early May, 1952, when my dad was visiting home after his commissioning as a Second Lieutenant in the Air Force on April 11, after completion of navigator training at Ellington Air Force Base in Houston, en route to reporting on May 14 for B-26 bombardment training at Langley Air Force Base in Virginia.

My dad, Frederick Henry Pape (1929-2017), is posing with the family dog, Lucky.

This image is from a recently-found Kodachrome slide.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, June 3, 2018

Sentimental Sunday: Ewald Pape's Military and College Records

This post is continuing my research on my architect first cousin twice removed, Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976).  I was trying to learn what if any training he had obtained as an architect.

I found (in Ancestry.com) a Declaration of Intent to become a citizen filed at a district court in Denver, Colorado, on December 11, 1920, the day after he turned 26.   On the declaration, Ewald stated that he lived in Fort Logan, Colorado, and was a draftsman.  Two days later, he enlisted in the Army, according to the Enlistment Record (below; click image to enlarge it) in his military file, which I obtained from the National Personnel Records Center in September 2016:

According to the enlistment form, he joined the infantry for three years, to be served in Hawaii.  On this form he once again indicates that he is a draftsman.  All the personal information on the form matches what I already knew about him.

The only other paper in the file (besides a "Service Record" envelope or cover slip) was his discharge report, below (click image to enlarge it).  Apparently he only had to serve one-and-a-half years of his three year commitment.  He had been serving as a Private First Class in the Headquarters of the Hawaii Division.  He was released from service on July 26, 1922, at Fort McDowell, California.

The National Personnel Records Center informed me that Army records from Ewald's years of service were in the area most damaged by the July 1973 fire, and these two records were all that were salvaged.  The discharge report above appears to be damaged. (Interestingly, my father's Air Force records are likely damaged by the same fire, but fortunately he already had a lot of copies).

With some research (on page 48 of the 1924 Oregana yearbook), I learned that the University of Oregon (based in Eugene), which had a architecture program that early, offered some courses at its Portland Extension Center.  I contacted the academic extension office and was ultimately put in contact with Sue Eveland, then the Assistant Vice President for Enrollment Management and University of Oregon Registrar (now retired), who was *most* helpful.

She sent me some pages from the 1922-23 catalog (in those days typically called "announcement," for the Portland Extension Center.  Here's what the title page looks like:

Even better, Sue was able to pull an image from microfilm of Ewald's extension records.  The copy isn't very good, but here it is (click on the image to enlarge it):

You can see his name, Ewald T. Pape (wth something crossed out and the correct middle initial written above it) in the upper left above "Name in Full."  For "Home Address," Ewald put "506 Lewis Bldg., Portland."

It's very faint, but I think the lines toward the bottom in the middle say:

F. A. Comp. Pencil, Pen & Ink [C.E.E. No.] 5
F. A. Representation I [C. E. E. No.] 1

The "C. E. E. No." (from the column heading) I think stands for something like Continuing Extension/Education Number, and the numbers given correspond to simple course numbers in the announcement.  I'm guessing the F. A.  stands for Fine Arts.  Here is what Sue said about this:

So shortly after being released from the Army and moving to Portland, Ewald took two non-credit courses in Fall 1922 as follows:

Within the School of Architecture and Allied Arts, under the subject of 'Representation,' he took [as described on page 34 of the Announcements]:

1.  Representation.  Study of the laws governing the appearance of form.  Freehand perspective.  Application of principles to the freehand drawing of objects and nature subjects.  Miss Wuest  7:15, Room 301.  One hour, fall term.

5. Composition, Pencil, Pen and Ink. Technique of pencil rendering in line and mass treatments.  Methods of rendering with pen and ink.  Pictorial and decorative compositions.  Miss Wuest   Thursday 8:15 Room 301.  One hour, fall term.

Today I would categorize the subject of 'Representation' as 'Drawing and Painting.'

Esther W. Wuest is listed as Supervisor of Art, Portland Public Schools.  [An Irene Wuest of the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn is also listed on page 4 as an Art Instructor in Portland Public Schools.]

Fall term ran from October 2 to December 23.

Classes were held in Lincoln High School.  [The building where this school was located in the 1920s is now called Lincoln Hall and is part of Portland State University.]

Registration fee was $5 per term."

Sue also noted that the Grade Column in the image above has "Inc." for incomplete for these two courses, indicating that perhaps he did not finish them.

On his November 1923 marriage license application, Ewald states that he is an architect.  According to Information for license or registration as architect / issued by the Oregon State Board of Architect Examiners, which discusses "Laws Regulating the Practice of Architecture, General Laws of Oregon (Effective May 29, 1919)," you had to pass four days worth of exams, but apparently a degree was not necessary.

However, other sources state that Ewald was not a registered architect in Oregon.  On the 1940 Census, Ewald said he had completed 5+ years of college.  He may have gotten most of that training prior to enlisting in the Army in 1920 - perhaps in the Chicago area, or somewhere in Wisconsin.  For the 1920 Census, on January 6, 1920, he was living in Port Edwards, Wood County, Wisconsin, with his father Lorenz, brother Karl, and sister Petronella, and working as a laborer on a home farm.  However, he may have attended college sometime between his arrival in the United States in late 1913 (at age 19) and early 1920.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Friday, June 1, 2018

Friday's Faces From the Past: Happy Birthday to My Son Eric!

Eric and me in the winter of 1988.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.