Sunday, July 15, 2018

Mystery Monday: A Mis-Attribution - Ewald Pape's design at 3257 NE U. S. Grant Place, Portland, Oregon

Two articles in the June 7, 1931, Portland Oregonian mention a house that my architect first-cousin-twice-removed, Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976), designed.  One article, called "Church Gets Permit," says:

"The [city] bureau [of buildings] also issued a permit for a $12,000 residence, to be erected by J. H. Cleland at 985 U. S. Grant place. E. T. Pape prepared the plans."

The second article, called "Six Houses Under Way," said:

"For John H. Cleland, he [E. T. Pape] has designed a two-story colonial of nine rooms, also for U. S. Grant place, that will cost approximately $12,000.  It will contain three baths."

Using, I determined that the address after the 1932 renumbering was 3257 NE U. S. Grant Place, and this is the house:

So in doing my research, I checked the Oregon Historic Sites Database.  The house is described in the attached City of Portland Historic Resource Inventory form as being a Twentieth Century Colonial, with "gable roof, boxed cornice with return, brick end-wall chimney, pedimented entry with modillioned cornice supported by two sets of double-columns, double doors with elliptical fan light above, round arched window with keystones, and louvered shutters."

A real estate listing from 2013 notes a "gracious formal entry with open staircase is flanked by spacious living and dining rooms with hardwood floors, [period light fixtures, original] leaded [glass] windows and built-ins [like a china hutch in the dining room]. Four large bedrooms up includes grand master suite" with three closets.   "Period baths" have "original tile."

However, I was surprised to find some discrepancies in the City of Portland's Historic Resource Inventory form.  Here's a snippet from the first page for this property:

Architectural plans by Edward J. Green?

This had to be a mistake.  Note that Cleland is also spelled wrong.  Also, on the next page of the form, the wrong address is given as the old address of the property:

I decided to double-check the City of Portland's 1933 index for house and street renumbering. Here's the relevant section from page 90:

As can be seen, the old 991 U. S. Grant Place is today's 3265 NE U. S. Grant Place, which happens to be the house next door, also owned by John Cleland.  Perhaps that is the one designed by Edward J. Green.  If you look at the plumbing permit available on, you can see why the error might have happened:

The card shows 991 crossed out and 985 written just above it, as well as the renumbered/renamed address, 3257 NE.  Other details correspond:  Cleland as the owner, 2 story, 3 baths (water closets or toilets).  The date of the permit is July 11, 1931, just a month after the newspaper articles.  The house next door, today's 3265, was also owned by Cleland, but its plumbing permit is dated September 26, 1931.

Here's a photo of the house at 3257 NE U. S. Grant Place from sometime around May 1981, the date the ownership at that time was noted.  Since then, door and window shutters on the first floor have been removed, as have storm doors on the front:

I'll be contacting the City of Portland and sharing my research, in hopes that the incorrect information can be corrected in the Oregon Historic Sites database immediately as well as when the City of Portland Historic Resource Inventory is updated, as there are plans to do that.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Friday, July 13, 2018

Friday's Faces From the Past: 50th Wedding Anniversary in Lithuania

My third cousin Osvaldas Guokas recently shared this picture.  It was taken in
1979 in Panevėžys, Lithuania.  It is of my first-cousin-twice-removed Juozapas Guokas (born 1902) and his wife, Konstancija Tamošiūnaitė Guokienė, on their 50th wedding anniversary  They are the seated couple.  Behind Konstancija is her relative (haven't figured out yet how they are related), Ona Tamošiūnaitė Radauskienė Marcinkus (1907-1988) Behind Juozapas is Ona's daughter Bernice Ann Radauskas Dylo (1940-2004).  Bernice and Ona were visiting Lithuania at this time.  Osvaldas didn't identify the man standing in the back, but I think it is Bernice's husband Donald John Dylo (1941-1996).  Ona was between husbands.  My first-cousin-twice-removed Leonas "Leo" Radauskas (1889-1973) had died, and she married her second husband, Michael William Marcinkus (1899-1987), in 1983.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Those Places Thursday: Ewald Pape's First Portland Design?

A modest house at 2027 N. Skidmore Court in Portland, Oregon's older Overlook neighborhood may be one of the first, if not *the* first, house designed in Portland by my architect first-cousin-twice-removed Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976).  It is listed in the Oregon Historic Sites Database.

Above and below:  Photos of 2027 N. Skidmore Ct., Portland, Oregon, June 13, 2018

The English Cottage style house features shingle siding, a gable roof with an assymetrical gable front entrance, and a massive chimney.  The 1,449-square-foot single-story house has three bedrooms, one and a half baths, a gas fireplace, an unfinished basement, and a detached garage (the current one is a replacement for one there prior to 2003, although it might also not be original).  

The house was originally built for Guy Edward Jaques Sr., shortly after his marriage to Evalyn L. Bailey in Portland on June 24, 1925.  Here is its August 14, 1925 plumbing permit, from the City site:

Guy Jaques is probably the bigger reason the house is in the Historic Sites database.  Jaques was born in Dowes, Iowa, in 1896, but by 1910 his family was in Washington state.  He graduated from the University of Washington in 1924 and worked for a steamship and logging company until 1926.  From 1926 to 1934 he was employed by various savings and loan companies in Portland.  In 1934, he founded Portland Federal Savings and Loan, later called Far West Federal.  He served on the Portland School Board, 1944-1948; as a director of the Federal Home Loan Bank, from 1944; and on the Portland Planning Commission.  He also started the Fifth Avenue Investment Company.  He died in 1978.

The original address for the home was 129 Griswold Avenue.  Jaques was living here still at the 1940 Census, along with his wife and son Guy Jr.  Later Guy Sr. moved to Lake Oswego, Oregon, but Guy Jr. continued to live in the house through 1956, then he also moved to Lake Oswego.  Interestingly, another architect, Simon G. Stanich (1920-1996), with Jacobberger Franks & Norman, lived in the house in at least 1962.  Likely longer, because nearby there is a very small park  with a monument, named for him because he was a community activist. 

The picture above was taken sometime around May 1981 and is from the City of Portland Historic Resources Inventory completed in 1984.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Monday, July 9, 2018

Mystery Monday: What Happened to One of Ewald's Houses?

I recently returned from a trip to Portland, Oregon, where I spent some time driving around and taking photographs of houses, apartment buildings, and other structures designed by my architect first-cousin-twice removed Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976).

So what did I photograph?  In some cases, I started with an article in the Portland Oregonian, found a few years back when I won a one-year subscription to GenealogyBank.

An article in the October 20, 1929 issue entitled "Turner Will Build Home" states "E. T. Pape, designer, has completed plans for a new house for F. B. Turner on Varnell drive in Burlingame.  It will cost approximately $15,000.

The building will be 30x56 in dimensions, and because of the sloping terrain it will be two stories in front and three stories high in the rear.  Stucco, brick, and shingles will be used for exterior finish.  It will contain ten rooms."

I searched for a Varnell Drive in Burlingame, but couldn't find it.  This told me the street name had changed.  I consulted a spreadsheet produced by the Portland Department of Transportation that told me Varnell had been changed to SW Burlingame Place in May 1933, after the construction of this house.

Burlingame Place is a pretty small street, so I started looking at historical records for houses on this street at, also a City product.  I was looking for houses with a 1929 or 1930 Year Built with a plumbing permit from 1929 listing F. B. Turner as the owner.  I used Google Maps Street View to help me narrow down the search to houses that seemed to fit the description in the news article, as well as Ewald's style.

Six houses on the street were built in 1929 or 1930, but only two of those were originally owned by builder F. B. Turner.  One house (at 6476) had a plumbing permit dated in May 1928, too early to be the house referenced in this article, I felt.  The house is listed in the Oregon Historic Sites Database, and may very well have been designed by Ewald (it looks like his style), it's just not the one in the article.

So I looked at the other house, at 6438 SW Burlingame Place.  Its plumbing permit is dated November 18, 1929, so the timing is right for the newspaper article:

But I was disappointed to see, both on and on Google Map Street View, that the property was now vacant land (click on the map below to make it larger - the property is outlined in blue):

So I started doing a little more research, and discovered that the house slid down the hill in October 2008!  It took out the house just below it, that used to be on the now-vacant 6305 SW Terwilliger Boulevard, and heavily damaged a house next to that one.  Here's an article about and photos of the landslide, as well as the aftermath.  The theory in the latter is "that broken sprinkler pipes saturated the earth trapped behind concrete retaining walls," evidenced by "huge spikes in water use," that "pulled the home down."

Google Map Street View now has a historical view feature, and I was able to find the views below of the house at 6438 SW Burlingame Place in August 2007, about 14 months before it slid away.  Unfortunately I haven't been able to find any other photographs of the inside or the outside of the house.

Views above and below from Google Maps Street View as of August 2007.

The PortlandMaps website recorded 13 permits for various types of work on the home (alterations, additions, electrical, mechanical, and plumbing) from 2004 through 2007.  The drawing below, from a project in October 2004, shows most of the footprint of the home.

I also found a reference to the house on the Vintage Portland website.  Below is an enlargement of the upper left corner of the photo at the beginning of that post, which dates from 1932 or 1933.  In the image below (click on it to make it larger), there is a group of three houses on the right side, in the center of that edge.  The middle house of that three is the one Ewald designed.  That's SW Burlingame Place just above the three, looping around to SW Burlingame Avenue behind it, running along the top of the photo, and SW Terwilliger Boulevard below it, running along the bottom edge of this photo.

City of Portland (OR) Archives, A1999-004.535

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Thursday, July 5, 2018

Those Places Thursday: Ainslie Court Apartments in Portland, Oregon - Designed by Ewald Pape?

I recently returned from a trip to Portland, Oregon, where I spent some time driving around and taking photographs of houses, apartment buildings, and other structures designed by my architect first-cousin-twice removed Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976).

So what did I photograph?  In some cases, I started with an article in the Portland Oregonian, found a few years back when I won a one-year subscription to GenealogyBank.

The Sunday issue on February 7, 1926, had a long article entitled "Home Construction Starts in Earnest" on page 2.  One paragraph in that read as follows:

"At a cost of $20,000 a six-suite, three-room bungalow-court will be erected at East Twenty-first and East Madison streets, by R. S. McFarland, from plans by E. T. Pape."

Figuring out exactly where this is has been tricky, and I'm still not sure I have the right location.  I used a number of websites brought to my attention by Val C. Ballestrem, Education Manager at Portland's Architectural Heritage Center, whom I met with one morning during my visit.

The City's property information database, PortlandMaps, has scanned historical plumbing permits.  These show the original owner (but unfortunately, not the architect) and can give a rough date for construction.  Sometimes subsequent owners or other changes are shown with additional permits for plumbing revision work.

The Oregon Historic Sites Database can be used to check addresses to see if they are listed on or were nominated for the National Register of Historic Places.  You can search by a number of criteria, including address and architect (but I quickly learned the architect is often NOT listed on National Register paperwork).  You can also pull up a copy of the National Register paperwork as well as the City of Portland Historic Resource Inventory sheets, if applicable (there's also a spreadsheet with all the information from the latter).

Like Chicago, Portland underwent an extensive street address renumbering, but in the 1931-1933 time period.  PastPortland can be used to convert current addresses to those before the transition, or vice-versa - old addresses into today's.  You can also download a PDF of the renumbering information, as well as a PDF with street name changes over the years.

Using all of this information, I think the Ainslie Court Apartments, at the southwest corner of SE Madison Street and SE 25th Avenue, are the ones described in the Oregonian article.  It is a six-unit bungalow-style apartment building, very much in Ewald's style.  The view below shows four of the units (1403, 1405, 1407, and 1409 SE 25th) as viewed from the 25th Avenue side:

This view is from the corner of SE 25th Avenue and SE Madison Street:

And this view is on the Madison Street side of the apartment building, showing the entrances to 2442 SE Madison and (strangely) 1411 SE 25th:

Here is the February 9, 1926 plumbing permit for the building, clearly showing six units.  The date dovetails well with the newspaper article, and the owner of the building is shown to be R. S. McFarland.

The Portland Historic Resources Inventory notes that the building is English Cottage style garden apartments with primarily stucco siding.  Special features include a low gable roof with returns on gable ends, projecting gable pavilion entrances, and multi-pane windows.  Recent real estate listings (rentals and sales) note hardwood floors.  The six units are each one-bedroom, one-bath (along with a living area and kitchen) and around 700 to 750 square feet.

Below is a map (click on it to make it larger) showing the location of the Ainslie Court Apartments (outlined in blue on the right) along with three nearby apartment buildings originally owned by McFarland.  More on those in a future post - Ewald definitely designed two of those.

The details of Ainslie only differ from the newspaper article with the cross street of [South-]East 21st rather than 25th.  There is a possible property near that point, but I think it's another apartment complex referred to in yet another newspaper article that may *also* have a misprint on the street names.  But more about that in the future too.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Tuesday, July 3, 2018

Talented Tuesday: Happy Birthday to My Brother Brian!

My brother Brian in his 8th grade play, "Foster's Formula," at St. Francis de Sales School, Houston Texas, May 12, 1976.  Brian played Grandpa Foster.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Tuesday, June 26, 2018

Tuesday's Tip: Ewald Pape's C-File

I initially requested the citizenship file (C-file) of my architect first-cousin-twice-removed Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976) from the U. S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) back in early October, 2015, shortly after I had received Ewald's A-File (Alien Case File) from the National Archives.  Their index search (cost then:  $20) was successful, although it took them until February 8, 2016, to write a letter to notify me.  I ordered the actual file (cost then:  $35) almost immediately upon receipt of that letter, at the end of February, 2016.

Almost 16 MONTHS later, I received a letter telling me the file was "lost and/or missing."  However, I was also told they were "working with the records holding facility to rectify this issue through record reconciliations and auditing procedures.  This process 'finds' previously lost files every day, thus another Record Request in future could yield a different result."

Uh-huh.  They refunded the $35 - but a new Record Request now cost $65.  The cynic in me was convinced it was only "lost" because of the rate raise.

After reading in a Facebook genealogy group about the success some others were having getting records (and more quickly than 16 months) under the new fee structure, I resubmitted my request - and $65 - on May 18, 2018.

I recently received a letter dated June 7 with the records.  I was disappointed that my $65 only got five pages - three of which were the 1936 Declaration of Intent and 1941 Petition for Naturalization already available on  There was a copy of a case file computer punch card (pretty useless) too.  The only other item in the file was his certificate of naturalization (click it to enlarge):

Needless to say, I am VERY disappointed.  Even the copies of the Petition and Declaration are not as good as what's on Ancestry, because USCIS redacted some information - despite the fact that I sent proof of the death of Ewald's son (per the FAQ), and the two witnesses would be long dead and no longer living at their redacted addresses.

I was also disappointed because I thought the file would have far more in it.  I was hoping for information on exactly *why* he was arrested in January 1942.  The USCIS' image gallery for C-Files led me to believe there would be far more in the file than there was.  Now I wonder if the FBI has a file on him that I should request.

I guess the only other thing I got for my $85 ($20 search and $65 retrieval) was another photograph of Ewald:

So my tip for this Tuesday?  Thoroughly scour all the possible sources for your immigrant's paperwork (Ancestry, FamilySearch, and records at the state, county, and city level, and the National Archives) BEFORE you spend any money with USCIS.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Tombstone Tuesday: Lorenz Pape

Lorenz Pape was born October 30, 1862, in Boedefeld, Westphalia, Germany, the youngest of four sons of Jacob Pape (born about 1818) and Maria Elisabeth Gierse (born about 1830).  He is the youngest brother of my great-grandfather John Pape (1851-1945).

Lorenz married Maria Henrietta Kamp (born December 17, 1862, in Duesseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, died between 1896 and 1899 in Germany).  They had six children:  Karl (1889-1958), Joseph (1891-1936), Maria (1892-1977), August (1893-1947), Ewald Theodore (1894-1976), and Petronella "Nellie" (1896-1930).

After Maria Henrietta's death, Lorenz married Maria Brauman and had two more children:  Lorenz Jr. (1899-1977) and Margaret "Grete" (1904-1988).

Lorenz and his two oldest sons left Antwerp, Belgium, on May 15, 1913, and arrived in Boston, Massachusetts, on May 27, on their way to join John's family in Evanston, Illinois.  The next four children followed in December 1913, and Grete immigrated in 1923.  Only his second wife Maria and son Lorenz Jr. stayed in Germany.

By 1914, Lorenz was living at 1622 Forest Avenue in Wilmette, Illinois, and working as a painter with his sons Karl and August.  On the 1920 Census, though, he's living in Port Edwards in Wood County, Wisconsin, along with Karl, Ewald, and Nellie (Maria married Herman Walter there the previous year).

Lorenz died March 23, 1932, in Nekoosa, Wood County, Wisconsin, following a six-week illness with pneumonia.  He is buried at Sacred Heart Cemetery in Nekoosa, section E, row 2.

The photo above was taken by his great-grandson Dale Arendt, a descendant of George and Nellie Pape Arendt.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, June 17, 2018

Remembering Dad on Father's Day

My dad, Frederick Henry Pape (1929-2017) and me at the wedding of my brother Brian and Paige at the Hamilton Twelve, Austin, Texas, March 1, 2003.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Friday, June 15, 2018

Friday's Faces From the Past: Happy 50th Anniversary, Ann and Mike!

Michael "Mike" William Beug and Frances Ann "Ann" Gresham were married at 2 p.m. on June 15, 1968, at the University Presbyterian Church in Seattle, Washington.  Witnesses were the best man, the groom's brother Patrick C. Beug, and the maid of honor, the bride's sister June Marie Gresham.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, June 10, 2018

Black Sheep Sunday? Ewald Pape's A-File

I was very surprised a few years ago to learn that my architect first cousin twice removed, Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976), had an A-File - an Alien Case File - during World War II.  I requested a copy of this file from the National Archives on September 29, 2015, paid $36 for the 45-page copy, and received a PDF via e-mail three days later.

Despite submitting a declaration of intent to become a citizen in December 1920, and serving in the United States Army from then through July 1922, Ewald did not submit a petition for naturalization within the required seven year time frame.  He later (November 1942) stated that he thought he acquired citizenship through his military service, and only learned he was still an alien when he applied for membership with the American Legion.  He did submit another declaration of intent on October 28, 1936.  He *could* have filed another petition three years later, but for some reason he did not - and then the Alien Registration (Smith) Act took effect on June 28, 1940.

Above:  Ewald T. Pape's fingerprint and photo from his March 14, 1942 Application for Certificate of Identification (Aliens of Enemy Nationalities) Form AR-AE-22

Here's what happened to Ewald, based on information in his A-File and other sources:

October 1, 1940:  Ewald completes the required Alien Registration Form AR-2.

August 6, 1941:  Ewald's petition for naturalization is filed.

January 27, 1942:  Warrant of arrest issued by Attorney General of the United States, Francis Biddle - less than two months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the United States' entry into World War II in Europe and the Pacific.

January 28, 1942:  Ewald is apprehended by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and received by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS, now U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, or USCIS) in Portland, Oregon, because "he had in his home certain articles which he was prohibited from having under the regulations pertaining to alien enemies."  Prohibited items included all firearms, short-wave radios, cameras, knives, and “signaling devices” such as flashlights.

According to an April 24, 1944 interview with his wife Alma, she "always felt she was to blame for her husband having been interned because she said he had suggested turning in the short wave radio set in order to comply with the enemy alien regulations, but she believed, being an American citizen herself, she could keep the set in the home, and not realizing the fact that her husband would be blamed."

February 14, 1942:  Appeared before Alien Enemy Hearing Board, which recommended that he be immediately paroled.

February 18, 1942:  Became "desperately ill" and moved from the local immigration detention station to the [Robert C.Coffey Memorial Hospital in Portland, for an operation for a perforating ulcer in his stomach.  (His April 27, 1942, draft registration card indicated that he had an operation on his right side at the waist.)  He spent the next 60 days at home recuperating, and never reopened his [architectural] office in the Sherlock Building (SW 3rd at Oak), according to his April 3, 1943 interview.

March 4, 1942:  Attorney General concurs in the recommendation for parole.

March 14, 1942:  Parole takes effect, at 10:30 a.m., immediately after his release from the hospital.  C. D. Warrington is his sponsor.  He's required to report twice a month to his sponsor, and on the first of each month to his INS parole officer.  He also completes an Application for Certificate of Identification (Aliens of Enemy Nationalities) Form AR-AE-22 on this date, from which the above photograph and fingerprint image are taken.

April 27, 1942:  Registers for the draft.

June 1942:  Employed by the Portland Door Company, 4701 SE 24th Avenue, "in charge of the architectural work and as a supervisor for the company at different places where defense houses are being constructed in this city of material furnished contractors by said company.  At the present time this company is furnishing material to a contractor who is building 360 [housing] units in the Guild's Lake District in Northwest Portland.  Mr. Pape observes the construction of the houses by the contractors and suggests changes and also sees to it that the required material is delivered to the site in proper order."  Guild's Lake Courts was a project of the Housing Authority of Portland, to combat a housing shortage for shipbuilders and other wartime industry workers.

June 24, 1942:  John S. Fisher is named sponsor, as Warrington is now in the Coast Guard.

March 11 through April 3, 1943:  Interviews of three neighbors, sponsor, and Ewald; report of investigations "relating to the conduct and activities of the above-named alien enemy parolee" submitted, recommending continuation of parole "under the terms of the present agreement."

March 18, 1943:  Ewald's petition for naturalization is "continued until end of war."

November 16-17, 1943:  Interviews of four neighbors, sponsor, and Ewald; report submitted recommending continuation of parole.

Ewald states that he "is in charge of the architectural connection with defense housing," and "that if it were not for his present status he could be doing other important work which would pay a great deal more than he is receiving at the present time."  He also "indicated that his parole has been a frequent source of worry to him inasmuch as he and his wife are conscious of the fact that their neighbors and friends are aware of his situation and that at times it has hampered his work."

April 20-27, 1944:  Interviews of sponsor, three neighbors, co-worker, employer, Alma, and Ewald; report submitted recommending continuation of parole.

April 28, 1944:  Zenon C. R. Hansen is named sponsor as Fisher is being called into military service.

August 1944:  Joseph H. Page, a lawyer, becomes Ewald's sponsor.

November 8-29, 1944:  Interviews of three neighbors, his sponsor, his employer, and Ewald; report submitted recommending release from parole.

His employer, Leo Hanley, the owner of the Portland Door Company, says he has known Ewald "over a period of twenty years" and he "is a sedulous individual, an expert in his line and a loyal employee...[who] drew the plans for the Bailey bridge which was recently built by our service in France and is now drawing the plans for seventy five miles of bridge work to be used in Europe by the armed services.....[he] has been the architect for approximately 1500 defense housing units and is at present working on a design for post-war houses which they hope to ship in bundles to Africa, China, and Europe."  Hanley added that if he "had any suspicion that subject [Ewald] was disloyal, he could not affort to employ him in his combustible business."

In his interview, Ewald presented a copy of his honorable discharge from the Army and a June 9, 1922 letter of recommendation from Major C. B. Hazeltine, who said "he has been a draftsman in my office and has done a great deal of inside drafting and outside topographical work.  He is at the present time my chief draftsman and could remain as such, should he so desire....I have found this man at all times and under all circumstances, loyal, competent, and willing.  I consider him a very good draftsman, and extremely neat and painstaking in his work."

The November 14, 1944 recommendation of V. W. Tomlinson, officer in charge, Portland, Oregon, stated "I am familiar with the high type of work he is performing in the furtherance of the war effort and I am convinced that he is not a potential danger to the internal security of the United States.  Quite the contrary, he has contributed far more than the average to our war effort and this record will bear out that he has scarcely received a decent wage for his efforts." (Ewald had noted in his November 1944 interview that he worked 8-9 hours a day, six days a week, for $50 per week.)

The November 18, 1944 recommendation of E. F. Schwandt, Chief, Detention, Deportation & Parole Section, Seattle, Washington, stated that Ewald "has been employed since his parole in an industry which is vitally important to the war efforts of the United States.  During this time he has had every opportunity to damage the war effort had he been so inclined, as even a slight deviation from established practices in preparing architectural plans would have resulted in serious delay in the completion of structures manufactured by his employers.  Apparently nothing of the kind has occurred during his employment and the subject has conducted himself in a manner indicative of his loyalty and good will toward the well-being of this country."

May 2, 1945:  Attorney General Biddle orders release from parole.

May 11, 1945:  Released from parole - three days after V-E Day, the end of World War II in Europe.

December 12, 1947:  Ewald finally takes his oath of allegiance and becomes a United States citizen.


© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

(Not-So-) Wordless Wednesday: Dad and Lucky, April or May, 1952

This photo was taken on the front entry of 2093 W. Lunt Avenue in Chicago in either late April or early May, 1952, when my dad was visiting home after his commissioning as a Second Lieutenant in the Air Force on April 11, after completion of navigator training at Ellington Air Force Base in Houston, en route to reporting on May 14 for B-26 bombardment training at Langley Air Force Base in Virginia.

My dad, Frederick Henry Pape (1929-2017), is posing with the family dog, Lucky.

This image is from a recently-found Kodachrome slide.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, June 3, 2018

Sentimental Sunday: Ewald Pape's Military and College Records

This post is continuing my research on my architect first cousin twice removed, Ewald Theodore Pape (1894-1976).  I was trying to learn what if any training he had obtained as an architect.

I found (in a Declaration of Intent to become a citizen filed at a district court in Denver, Colorado, on December 11, 1920, the day after he turned 26.   On the declaration, Ewald stated that he lived in Fort Logan, Colorado, and was a draftsman.  Two days later, he enlisted in the Army, according to the Enlistment Record (below; click image to enlarge it) in his military file, which I obtained from the National Personnel Records Center in September 2016:

According to the enlistment form, he joined the infantry for three years, to be served in Hawaii.  On this form he once again indicates that he is a draftsman.  All the personal information on the form matches what I already knew about him.

The only other paper in the file (besides a "Service Record" envelope or cover slip) was his discharge report, below (click image to enlarge it).  Apparently he only had to serve one-and-a-half years of his three year commitment.  He had been serving as a Private First Class in the Headquarters of the Hawaii Division.  He was released from service on July 26, 1922, at Fort McDowell, California.

The National Personnel Records Center informed me that Army records from Ewald's years of service were in the area most damaged by the July 1973 fire, and these two records were all that were salvaged.  The discharge report above appears to be damaged. (Interestingly, my father's Air Force records are likely damaged by the same fire, but fortunately he already had a lot of copies).

With some research (on page 48 of the 1924 Oregana yearbook), I learned that the University of Oregon (based in Eugene), which had a architecture program that early, offered some courses at its Portland Extension Center.  I contacted the academic extension office and was ultimately put in contact with Sue Eveland, then the Assistant Vice President for Enrollment Management and University of Oregon Registrar (now retired), who was *most* helpful.

She sent me some pages from the 1922-23 catalog (in those days typically called "announcement," for the Portland Extension Center.  Here's what the title page looks like:

Even better, Sue was able to pull an image from microfilm of Ewald's extension records.  The copy isn't very good, but here it is (click on the image to enlarge it):

You can see his name, Ewald T. Pape (wth something crossed out and the correct middle initial written above it) in the upper left above "Name in Full."  For "Home Address," Ewald put "506 Lewis Bldg., Portland."

It's very faint, but I think the lines toward the bottom in the middle say:

F. A. Comp. Pencil, Pen & Ink [C.E.E. No.] 5
F. A. Representation I [C. E. E. No.] 1

The "C. E. E. No." (from the column heading) I think stands for something like Continuing Extension/Education Number, and the numbers given correspond to simple course numbers in the announcement.  I'm guessing the F. A.  stands for Fine Arts.  Here is what Sue said about this:

So shortly after being released from the Army and moving to Portland, Ewald took two non-credit courses in Fall 1922 as follows:

Within the School of Architecture and Allied Arts, under the subject of 'Representation,' he took [as described on page 34 of the Announcements]:

1.  Representation.  Study of the laws governing the appearance of form.  Freehand perspective.  Application of principles to the freehand drawing of objects and nature subjects.  Miss Wuest  7:15, Room 301.  One hour, fall term.

5. Composition, Pencil, Pen and Ink. Technique of pencil rendering in line and mass treatments.  Methods of rendering with pen and ink.  Pictorial and decorative compositions.  Miss Wuest   Thursday 8:15 Room 301.  One hour, fall term.

Today I would categorize the subject of 'Representation' as 'Drawing and Painting.'

Esther W. Wuest is listed as Supervisor of Art, Portland Public Schools.  [An Irene Wuest of the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn is also listed on page 4 as an Art Instructor in Portland Public Schools.]

Fall term ran from October 2 to December 23.

Classes were held in Lincoln High School.  [The building where this school was located in the 1920s is now called Lincoln Hall and is part of Portland State University.]

Registration fee was $5 per term."

Sue also noted that the Grade Column in the image above has "Inc." for incomplete for these two courses, indicating that perhaps he did not finish them.

On his November 1923 marriage license application, Ewald states that he is an architect.  According to Information for license or registration as architect / issued by the Oregon State Board of Architect Examiners, which discusses "Laws Regulating the Practice of Architecture, General Laws of Oregon (Effective May 29, 1919)," you had to pass four days worth of exams, but apparently a degree was not necessary.

However, other sources state that Ewald was not a registered architect in Oregon.  On the 1940 Census, Ewald said he had completed 5+ years of college.  He may have gotten most of that training prior to enlisting in the Army in 1920 - perhaps in the Chicago area, or somewhere in Wisconsin.  For the 1920 Census, on January 6, 1920, he was living in Port Edwards, Wood County, Wisconsin, with his father Lorenz, brother Karl, and sister Petronella, and working as a laborer on a home farm.  However, he may have attended college sometime between his arrival in the United States in late 1913 (at age 19) and early 1920.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Friday, June 1, 2018

Friday's Faces From the Past: Happy Birthday to My Son Eric!

Eric and me in the winter of 1988.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Tuesday, May 29, 2018

Tech Tuesday's Tip - GDPR Compliance, continued

A little more on my efforts to comply with GDPR - the General Data Protection Regulation, which took effect on May 25.  I first talked about this in an earlier post.

I'm still working on a more detailed privacy policy (elaborating on the one currently at the top of the sidebar), but in the meantime, I did find an e-mail subscription service, MailChimp, that advertises itself as GDPR-compliant (if you use GDPR fields in sign-up forms to collect consent).  I also chose MailChimp because others I respect use it, and because they offer a free plan for up to 2,000 subscribers and 12,000 emails per month.  This should work fine for me with my four-that-I-know-of e-mail subscribers to my blog posts (no marketing or selling).

It took a little tweaking (like all of the holiday) to get it to work.  I discovered that it is best NOT to send my blog post subscription e-mail messages from a Gmail or Yahoo account.  It seems to be working fine with our address, so I'm about to start them tonight.  If you subscribe to my blog (under "Follow by E-mail" in the sidebar to the right), and if there is new content, you will get an e-mail no more than daily at 1 a.m. Central Time.  If there is no new content, then no e-mail notice.

Besides sending from Gmail and Yahoo, there can be problems for recipients with those addresses, so I've subscribed three of my own just to monitor them.  If you have such an address and can let me know if you're getting the blog post update e-mails and they look alright, I would appreciate it! 

I do ask for your first and last name in the sign-up process.  That's because, with Gmail in particular, the blog post update e-mails are more likely *not* to be treated as spam if they are addressed to your real name (with the magic of mail merge) rather than "ABT UNK Reader."  If the latter is what is showing up in your messages and you'd like it changed, let me know and we can fix that.  I also enabled double opt-in for sign-ups to further protect my readers' privacy.  That, and a required reCAPTCHA while signing up, will hopefully turn away spambots and discourage other spammers.

As it happens, one of my four readers e-mailed me separately to tell me his e-mail address had changed, and he has already re-subscribed with MailChimp.  I'll be contacting the three other legit Feedburner subscribers and asking them to resubscribe.  I also picked up another new subscriber yesterday thanks to a blog post share in a Facebook group.  I hope more of you will sign up too.  Welcome!

And now - hopefully - back to some REAL blogging!

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Monday, May 28, 2018

Military Monday: Korean War Veterans Memorial, Wayneville, North Carolina

This year, in honor of Memorial Day, my recently-deceased dad (a Korean War vet), and for The Honor Roll Project, I decided to transcribe the Korean War Memorial in Wayneville, Haywood County, North Carolina.

The center panel says:
Korean War
June 25 1950
July 27 1953

Erected by Citizens of Haywood County 2003

And at the botton of the memorial, it says:
Bravely They Sacrificed Gratefully We Remember

The photos below are cropped from the one above.

Names on the left-hand side:

Cogdill, Kenneth C.
Conard, Lester
Green, Grover G.
Hollifield, James R.
Messer, Rayford K.
Saunders, James
Hannah, Jack L.
Welch, William C., Jr.
Brown, Charles
Rhinehart, Billy C.
Morgan, Arnold L.
Wilson, Charles B.
Israel, Paul E.

Names on the right hand side:

Coleman, William N.
Dolen, Bobby J.
Headrick, Herman
Sanford, Bobby R.
Cagle, Erastus E.
Wood, Gerald D.
Burgess, Charles E.
Sizemore, Zemera V.
Miller, Bobby
Rogers, Gerald E.
Messer, Billy
Stiles, Frank E.
Sutton, John R.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, May 27, 2018

Sentimental Sunday: My Stuff in a Museum Exhibit!

Back in January, I was contacted by the exhibit curator at the Institute of Texan Cultures (ITC) in San Antonio, who was working on an ITC 50th anniversary exhibit that would open in April. A colleague shared a blog post I'd done about the ITC with her, and she wrote to ask if I might let them use my photo of the ITC taken in August 1968 from the Tower of the Americas (part of Hemisfair '68, the 1968 World's Fair).

Of course I said yes!  I pointed them to my Hemisfair blog post, and they wanted to borrow a postcard (front and back) from that as well.  I sent high resolution images of all three.

Last week I was in San Antonio for a workshop, and went by the ITC briefly to view their Viva Hemisfair exhibit.  I knew from the exhibit's web page that my stuff was there, but I wanted to see it for myself.

Here's the wall that my three items are on.  They are just to the right of the big "Hemisfair '68 Souvenirs" sign, and just to the left of the white magnet board where visitors are invited to share their own Hemisfair '68 memories.

Below is an enlargement showing the three items (or really two, as the postcard had a reverse side) that I gave permission for the ITC to use in the exhibit.

Here is the photo (enlarged in the display) on the right in the grouping above, which I took in August 1968, along with the caption the ITC staff put below it:

It reads, "Eleven-year-old Amanda Pape captured this photo of the Texas Pavilion from the Tower of the Americas.  She wrote about her visit to the fair in a postcard to her pen pal Mimi.  Courtesy Amanda Pape."

On the left hand side of the grouping are the front and back (enlarged of course) of a postcard I purchased at Hemisfair to send to my Girl Scout pen pal Mimi.

On the back of the postcard, I wrote, "Aug. 15 - Dear Mimi, Hemisfair was great!  We didn't get to see everything, though.  The best thing[s] were the Texas and Italy pavilions, the IBM [and] Coke pavilions, Tower of the Amer[icas], the Laterna Magica show, and the rollar [sic] coaster.  Many other things are good, too, but I can't remember them right now and I'm in a hurry.  I bought a Japanese fan, in a Japanese shop.  I'll tell you about more things at Hemisfair later on.  We're having fun. ALP!"

What a thrill!

I plan to go back with my husband later this year (the exhibit is open through December 31, 2018), to explore this exhibit and the ITC's 50th anniversary exhibit in more detail, as well as to re-visit the displays of the ITC, which was the Texas Pavilion during Hemisfair.  The ITC still documents the contributions of various immigrant and ethnic groups to Texas history and culture.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Saturday, May 26, 2018

GDPR Compliance

I've been distracted all week with the GDPR - the General Data Protection Regulation, which took effect on May 25.  It's supposed to protect the privacy interests of citizens of the European Union (EU), particularly data collected and stored by organizations, groups, and websites.

Since I have this blog, and since I know it has readers from EU countries (particularly Germany and Lithuania, where my ancestors are from), I thought I should pay attention to this, even though I may not have to.

Judy G. Russell, who blogs as the Legal Genealogist (she is a lawyer by training, although she is adamant that she is NOT giving legal advice about GDPR), notes that "genealogists with family websites, individual hobbyists with blogs and even professional genealogists or societies that hope to earn money from their web presence are not the main targets of the EU, and some aren’t covered by this rule at all."

This is followed by a footnote where she cites her source (the reason I love Judy is that she is *always* citing her sources): "See GDPR Recital 18: 'This Regulation does not apply to the processing of personal data by a natural person in the course of a purely personal or household activity and thus with no connection to a professional or commercial activity.'”

My family history blogging is entirely personal; I don't make any money from it.

However, even Judy outlined steps she took with her blog, and I am following them as well.  I do want those in the EU to feel comfortable commenting on my blog or contacting me via e-mail.

I took a look at this blog and removed some of the widgets on the sidebar to the right.  I got rid of feed and e-mail subscription links, because I couldn't find proof that any of the outside sources providing those services (like NetVibes and Atom) were GDPR-compliant.  I also removed the Google/Blogger Followers list, as well as links to some of the blogs I follow.  This was more to protect the privacy of those people, since their Blogger/Google profile photos show in the Followers list.  That may have been overkill and I may be able to bring those features back when I learn more.

I believe if you are subscribing to my blog via e-mail or an RSS, you should still get the feed, but I have not been able to figure out who was subscribing with those tools.  The exception is with Feedburner, which Judy recommended not using as the site has not been updated in years.  I was able to see my subscribers' e-mails there, but I believe most of these are spammers - all but four were addresses with nonsensical names.

IF you have an e-mail address and want to follow my blog, please send me an e-mail (you can use the link at the bottom of this post or in the sidebar) and let me know.  I will be contacting the four people, all of whose e-mails I recognize, to get documented consent for their e-mail subscriptions.

Google is already providing a cookies notification for EU users, and the more secure Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) web protocol.  I put a very brief privacy policy notification at the top of my side bar, but I am working on a more detailed one that will be a separate page you will be able to access from one of the tabs next to the home tab.  I'll use the top of the sidebar to notify my readers when that is in place.

Finally - because this *is* so time-consuming and I'd rather be researching and writing than messing with this - I made some of my blogs (such as Bookin' It, where I review my reading) private for the time being, and I am removing myself from a non-work-related group blog - as I'm not an administrator and cannot do anything to improve the GDPR compliance of that blog.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

(Not-So-) Wordless Wednesday: Dad and Nana, April/May, 1952, Rogers Park, Chicago, Illinois

This photo was taken on the front entry of 2093 W. Lunt Avenue in Chicago in either late April or early May, 1952, when my dad was visiting home after his commissioning as a Second Lieutenant in the Air Force on April 11, after completion of navigator training at Ellington Air Force Base in Houston, en route to reporting on May 14 for B-26 bombardment training at Langley Air Force Base in Virginia.

Standing are my dad, Frederick Henry Pape (1929-2017), and his mother, my grandmother Elizabeth Florence Massmann Pape (1902-2000).

This image is from a recently-found Kodachrome slide.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.

Thursday, May 17, 2018

Those Places Thursday: Udelhofen Homes at 1962 Morse, Rogers Park, Chicago, Illinois

I ended a previous post, about houses along the 6900 block of N. Ridge Avenue in Chicago, with the following image:

At this point in the clip from a 1927-28 home movie, my grandmother, Elizabeth Florence Massmann Pape (1902-2000), on the right, and a woman on the left who I think is her friend, Marian Udelhofen (1904-1939), had turned and started walking towards the camera.  Note the two houses in the background.

I think the house on the left is the one picture below, 1962C Morse, which was built sometime in the 1890s.

The house on the right in the black-and-white image is, I believe, the same as the one pictured below, at 1962B Morse, also built in the 1890s (and apparently the first house built on this lot).

The house at the front of the lot, which has the "plain" 1962 W. Morse Avenue address, may be the newest of the three, although the tax assessor's records also indicate that it was built in the 1890s.

So what do the census records tell us?  Click on the images to make them larger:

"United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 5 August 2014), Illinois > Cook > ED 777 Precinct 38 Lake View Chicago city Ward 25 > image 27 of 39; citing NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

In 1900, living at 420 (later 1962) Morse are John (1866-1946) and Mary [Maria Brenner, 1873-1970] Udelhofen and children Barbara "Birdie" (born March 1895), Joseph (born July 1897), and Henry (born September 1899).  John and Mary were both German immigrants, John arriving in 1887, and Mary in 1892; they were married about 1894.

Just down the street, at 432 (later 1952) Morse are Nicholas (1845-1913) and Katherine [Katrina Reck, 1851-1933] Udelhofen and children Robert (born December 1883), Gertrude (born May 1887), and John Joseph (born April 1890).  Nicholas and Katherine married about 1881 and immigrated in 1883.

At 438 (later 1946) Morse are Jacob (1837-1907) and [Anna] Barbara [Nelles, 1848-1905] Udelhofen and their children Helena Stolze (born October 1870, a widow with one child), Joseph (born April 1872), Barbara (born February 1876), Jacob (born April 1880), Marie [Dena] (born August 1882), Peter (born February 1885), Gertrude (born June 1886), and Nicholas Charles (born October 1891), the only surviving child born in Illinois.  Three other children had died before 1900.  Jacob and Barbara married about 1865 and immigrated in 1889.

Marian's name is engraved on the same stone as Jacob Sr. and Barbara Sr., so she's definitely related to them.  I'm thinking Jacob Sr. and Nicholas Sr. are brothers, and Marian's father John is the son of one of them - perhaps Jacob Sr. due to the location of Marian's grave at nearby St. Henry's Cemetery (they are all in the same plot, 38-6).

"United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 23 June 2017), Illinois > Cook > Chicago Ward 25 > ED 1037 > image 30 of 50; citing NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

On the 1910 Census:   Edmund (born 1902) is a new addition to the John and Mary Udelhofen family at 1962 Morse.  The family appears to be living in the middle of the three houses with this address (a house they own, just as they did in 1900), while the other two houses at this address are rented.  If these other two houses existed in 1900, they apparently were vacant.

Oddly enough, their youngest child, Marian, is listed separately on a supplemental sheet, pictured below.  No telling why she was not listed with the rest of her family.

"United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 23 June 2017), Illinois > Cook > Chicago Ward 25 > ED 1037 > image 46 of 50; citing NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

In 1910, my grandmother Elizabeth and her parents and brother are living at 1938 Morse.  It must have been around this time that Elizabeth and Marian became friends.

Nicholas and Katherine Udelhofen are still down the street at 1952 Morse, only son John Joseph is still at home.  Jacob and Barbara Udelhofen have died, but some of their children, single siblings Barbara, Peter, Gertrude, and Nicholas Charles, are still at 1946 Morse, along with niece Lillie Stolze, age 16, and nephew Frank Muno, age 7.  Frank is the son of the siblings' sister Anna Maria Udelhofen (Mrs. Henry) Muno, 1874-1903, who must have been married by 1900.

"United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 14 December 2015), Illinois > Cook (Chicago) > Chicago Ward 25 > ED 1409 > image 1 of 22; citing NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

On the 1920 Census, John and Mary Udelhofen are still in the main house at 1962 Morse, along with youngest children Edward and Marian.  Oldest child Barbara has married John Mertes (born 1889) and they rent one of the other houses on the property, living with their three-year-old son John.  The third house must be vacant at census time.

My grandmother Elizabeth Massmann is living at 1833 Morse on this census.

Nicholas Udelhofen has also died, and sadly, his wife Kate is now a servant in her former home at 1952 Morse, now owned by someone who does not live there.  Son Robert and his family (wife and two daughters) rent another part of the house.

Siblings Barbara and Peter Udelhofen still own and live at 1946 Morse along with sister Gertrude Blanke and her husband Fred, and their nephew Frank Muno.

"United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 8 December 2015), Illinois > Cook > Chicago (Districts 1751-1976) > ED 1863 > image 19 of 62; citing NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002).

On the 1930 Census, only Marian is left at home at 1962 Morse with her parents John and Mary, along with two lodgers.  Sister Barbara's family, now including a second son and two daughters, rents the front house, and a single woman rents the far rear house.

Marian's good friend, the now-married Elizabeth Massmann Pape, lives just a few blocks away at 2093 W. Lunt Avenue.

The Udelhofen's son Joseph, his wife Mildred, daughter Virginia, and son Joseph Jr. live just a few blocks away - in the rear part of 7000 Ridge, the home of my great-grandparents Frederick Henry Massmann (1875-1948) and Elizabeth Camilla Dienes Massmann (1876-1946).  Joseph is their chauffeur.

"United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 9 December 2015), Illinois > Cook > Chicago (Districts 1751-1976) > ED 1914 > image 32 of 40; citing NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002).

The situation has improved a little at 1952 Morse, with Katherine Udelhofen no longer a servant but renting with her widowed daughter Dena Clarke and granddaughter Dorothy Clarke.  Son John Joseph, his wife and family rent the basement.

However, all the Udelhofens and their kin are gone from 1946 Morse.

"United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 17 May 2018), Illinois > Cook > Chicago City, Chicago, Ward 50 > 103-3214 Chicago City Ward 50 (Tract 4 - part), Apartments at 1900-10 W Farwell Av, Apartments at 1900-12 W Pratt Av > image 10 of 32; citing Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012.

On the 1940 Census, John and Mary Udelhofen still live in the main (B) home at 1962 Morse.  Daughter Marian died in 1939 but single son Edmund is living with them again.  Daughter Barbara Mertes and family are still in the front (A) house, which they rent.  However, now the far rear house (C) is owned by John and Mary's son Joseph and his family.  Joseph now manages a retail store.

All the Udelhofens are gone from 1952 Morse now too.

An article in part 3, page 4N of the July 10, 1949, Chicago Tribune, "Learns Roses Do Not Grow in Florist Shop - Neighbors Laud Garden on North Side," talks about the garden of 54-year-old Mrs. John J. (Birdie) Mertes, mother of two sons and two daughters, at 1962 Morse.  The article also states that husband John, age 60, is a salesman, and that there are two other houses on the property.  Her mother (Mrs. John Udelhofen, pictured with Birdie in the article) and two brothers and their families also live in the houses.

© Amanda Pape - 2018 - click here to e-mail me.