Saturday, February 25, 2017

Sibling Saturday: My Siblings, Probably August 1966



My siblings Karen (about 8), Mary (almost 2), Mark (age 6), and Brian (age 4), probably on Mark's birthday in August 1966 (the slide film was processed in December 1966).  That's my hands and legs and blue sleeve and hair on the far right.


© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

(Not-So-) Wordless Wednesday: GEDmatch Eye Color Prediction - Mom

Did you know that if you upload DNA test results to GEDmatch, you can use an eye color prediction tool on their site?

According to the site, the eye color predictor works best with DNA results from 23andMe.  In addition, the utility "used samples from the GEDmatch database which consists mostly of European descendants. As such, it will be less accurate for other ancestries."

So, knowing this in advance, I ran the predictor on my mom's DNA test results.  I did her autosomal test with Ancestry.com, then uploaded the raw data to FamilyTree DNA, and then ran a separate mitochondrial test on a new sample there. I'm not sure if this predictor uses autosomal or mitochondrial DNA or both.

Mom is of mostly European extraction.  Here is the result:




The results page also provides the following information:

"Read rules from top to bottom. In some cases, a rule cancels out results from rules above it.

CT at: rs17762363 - Increased melanin production. Adds yellow, amber, or brown. Some darkening. Contributes to brown.
CC at: rs3794604 - Blocks some melanin. Often gives light colored eyes.
GG at: rs7174027 - Blocks some melanin. Often gives light colored eyes.
CC at: rs4778241 - Low Melanin. Basis for Gray, Blue, Green, or Yellow Eyes if no other pigmentation is present.
CT at: rs3947367 - Contrasting sphincter around pupil.
TT at: rs1129038 - Penetrance modifier. Blue.
GT at: rs1470608 - Medium melanin on Anterior Epithelium. Gives dark eyes.
AG at: rs11634406 - Flecks (Nevi).

8 rules were used to make this prediction. There are 61 active rules in our evaluation model, utilizing 41 SNPs.

Please note that your FTDNA Illumina results do not contain many of the SNPs used by this utility, and therefore a considerable amount of accuracy is lost."

And here is my mom's eye in a photograph from February 2017:




Another picture of her eye, this time from Thanksgiving Day, 2016.  I don't have any color photos that clearly show her eyes from her younger days.





The website asks you to rate the accuracy of the prediction.  Here are the choices:
  • It's exactly right.
  • Color is correct. It missed one or two tiny details, but it's very close.
  • Came close on the color(s), and got a lot of the details.
  • Got some of the colors in my eye, but missed a lot of details.
  • The color is not exactly close, but it's not a complete miss either.
  • The prediction missed the color completely, but it picked up a few other details.
  • Completely wrong. The color's not even close.
So what do you think?  Let me know in the comments!  I'm thinking this one is pretty close.


© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Saturday, February 18, 2017

Sibling Saturday: Mary and Mark, 1966


My youngest sister Mary and my brother Mark, sometime during or before December 1966, based on the processing date on the slide mount.  I think this was Mark's birthday in August 1966, based on the gifts behind him.  My parents gave me the piece of furniture they are standing in front of (a mahogany china cabinet), and I had it until late December 2005, just before I moved back home to Texas from Washington state.

© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

(Not-So-) Wordless Wednesday: GEDmatch Eye Color Prediction - Dad

Did you know that if you upload DNA test results to GEDmatch, you can use an eye color prediction tool on their site?

According to the site, the eye color predictor works best with DNA results from 23andMe.  In addition, the utility "used samples from the GEDmatch database which consists mostly of European descendants. As such, it will be less accurate for other ancestries."

So, knowing this in advance, I ran the predictor on my dad's DNA test results.  I did his autosomal test with Ancestry.com, then uploaded the raw data to FamilyTree DNA, and then ran a separate yDNA test on a new sample there. I'm not sure if this predictor uses autosomal or yDNA or both.

Dad is of mostly European extraction.  Here is the result:




The results page also provides the following information:

"Read rules from top to bottom. In some cases, a rule cancels out results from rules above it.

CC at: rs3794604 - Blocks some melanin. Often gives light colored eyes.
GG at: rs7174027 - Blocks some melanin. Often gives light colored eyes.
CC at: rs4778241 - Low Melanin. Basis for Gray, Blue, Green, or Yellow Eyes if no other pigmentation is present.
CT at: rs3947367 - Contrasting sphincter around pupil.
AA at: rs1105879 - Weak Amber Gradient
TT at: rs1129038 - Penetrance modifier. Blue.
AG at: rs10467971 - Penetrance Modifier - Blue
GG at: rs12906280 - Gray ring around outer edge.

8 rules were used to make this prediction. There are 61 active rules in our evaluation model, utilizing 41 SNPs.

Please note that your FTDNA Illumina results do not contain many of the SNPs used by this utility, and therefore a considerable amount of accuracy is lost."

And here is my dad's eye in a photograph from April 1957:


And just to show that it's not an issue with the color being off from a 60-year-old photo, here's a picture of my dad's eye from December 2008 (I didn't want to use just this one photo because of the glasses and the red eye reflection):



The website asks you to rate the accuracy of the prediction.  Here are the choices:

  • It's exactly right.
  • Color is correct. It missed one or two tiny details, but it's very close.
  • Came close on the color(s), and got a lot of the details.
  • Got some of the colors in my eye, but missed a lot of details.
  • The color is not exactly close, but it's not a complete miss either.
  • The prediction missed the color completely, but it picked up a few other details.
  • Completely wrong. The color's not even close.


So what do you think?  Let me know in the comments!  I'm thinking this one is completely wrong.

© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Saturday, February 11, 2017

Sibling Saturday: Papes, In or Before July 1966


Mom, Mary, Karen, Mark, and Brian, in the backyard at 8015 Sharpview, Houston, Texas, sometime in or before July 1966 (the processing date on the slide mount for this image).  You can see the reflection of my step-grandfather, Wallace Franklin "Archie" Archibald (1896-1970), in the sliding glass door - he is taking the photograph.  Not sure what Brian is sitting on and looking at.  The boxes appear to say something about bricks.  They might have been used to edge the flower beds, or to make the patio bigger.

© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

(Not-So-) Wordless Wednesday: GEDmatch Eye Color Prediction

Did you know that if you upload DNA test results to GEDmatch, you can use an eye color prediction tool on their site?

According to the site, the eye color predictor works best with DNA results from 23andMe.  In addition, the utility "used samples from the GEDmatch database which consists mostly of European descendants. As such, it will be less accurate for other ancestries."

So, knowing this in advance, I ran the predictor on my husband's AncestryDNA test results.  He is of mostly European extraction.  Here is the result:




The results page also provides the following information:

"Read rules from top to bottom. In some cases, a rule cancels out results from rules above it.

GG at: rs7174027 - Blocks some melanin. Often gives light colored eyes.

CC at: rs4778241 - Low Melanin. Basis for Gray, Blue, Green, or Yellow Eyes if no other pigmentation is present.
CC at: rs9782955 - Blocks some melanin. Often gives light colored eyes.
TT at: rs1129038 - Penetrance modifier. Blue.
GG at: rs12906280 - Gray ring around outer edge
CC at: rs7403602 - High density on Anterior Stroma. Blocks melanin. Blocks blue. Gives lighter colors.
TT at: rs1667394 - Starburst (Collarette)
CC at: rs12203592 - No pigmented Collarette.

8 rules were used to make this prediction. There are 61 active rules in our evaluation model, utilizing 41 SNPs."



And here is my husband's eye in a photograph that I took in May 2016:




The website asks you to rate the accuracy of the prediction.  Here are the choices:


  • It's exactly right.
  • Color is correct. It missed one or two tiny details, but it's very close.
  • Came close on the color(s), and got a lot of the details.
  • Got some of the colors in my eye, but missed a lot of details.
  • The color is not exactly close, but it's not a complete miss either.
  • The prediction missed the color completely, but it picked up a few other details.
  • Completely wrong. The color's not even close.

So what do you think?  Let me know in the comments!

© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Friday, February 3, 2017

Friday's Faces From the Past: Happy 88th Birthday, Dad! (tomorrow)


My dad, Frederick Henry Pape, about 1934, when he was about five years old.  That might be his older sister, Elizabeth "Betty" Marie Pape Streff, behind him.  And to the far left might be his Uncle Al (Alfred John Massmann, 1901-1964) and his first cousin Jean Ann Massmann McKay (1929-2001) - they can be seen better in another photograph taken the same day.


© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Wednesday, February 1, 2017

Wordless Wednesday: It's #GenealogySelfie Day!



OK, I took this almost a year ago (on February 3, 2016), but it's going to have to work for today's ‪#‎GenealogySelfie‬ Day, as I don't usually do selfies. That's me in the middle, with my first generation of ancestors - my mom, Geraldine Margaret Guokas Pape, on the left, and my dad, Frederick Henry Pape, on the right.


© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Saturday, January 28, 2017

Sibling Saturday: 1966




This picture was taken in the backyard of our family home at 8015 Sharpview in Houston, Texas, sometime during or before July 1966 (the processing date on the slide mounting).  That's my brother Mark barely visible on the far left, my sister Karen, me, and my brother Brian.


© Amanda Pape - 2017 - click here to e-mail me.

Sunday, January 22, 2017

Black Sheep Sunday: Erath County Sheriff Murdered - 1877

Earlier this week, I was contacted by the director of a public library in Erath County, where the university I work at is located.  She wanted to know if we had any local 1877 newspapers.  Our Stephenville newspapers on microfilm only go back to 1882 (with many gaps in those early years), and the Dublin paper did not start until 1889.

However, I learned a trick from research I did on Francis Edward Garland, the editor of my town of Granbury's early newspaper, the Vidette, from 1872 to 1883.  No copies of that newspaper survive, but I found plenty of references to Garland and the Vidette in other Texas newspapers (available at the Portal to Texas History) from that era.

I thought the same technique might work in this case - especially since the story involved the murder of the Erath County Sheriff, William James Mastin, and the researcher had an exact date for his death:  June 25, 1877.

Sure enough, I found two references to the murder on the same page (two)1 of the July 5, 1877, issue of the Weekly Democratic Statesman, published in Austin, Texas, via the Portal to Texas History.  I had searched for "mastin erath" (without the quotes) and limited the results to 1877.  The first reference started at the bottom of column six and continued at the top of column 7.  Sheriff Maston [sic] was killed by a cattle thief he intended to arrest:





Further on in column seven was a little more detail.  This time Mastin's name was spelled correctly, and it gave the date of the murder, June 25.  The name and a detailed description of the murderer, Bone Wilson, was also given, as well as the fact that a reward was being offered for his capture.  This story also noted Mastin was going to arrest Wilson for stealing a horse (not cattle theft):




I found a follow-up story2 in the Galveston Daily News of September 27, 1877, on page 4.  In a section with news from Erath County, the Stephenville Empire newspaper was quoted. (In the image below, I have blanked out a number of lines of news not relevant to this case.)  Bone Wilson, alias Napoleon B. Wilson, was killed by Texas Rangers under the command of T. M. Sparks about 20 miles from Fort Chadbourne on September 15, 1877:




A little more detailabout the murderer’s death comes from the Lampasas Dispatch of September 27, 1877, via the Brownwood Banner.  This one was found by searching the Portal to Texas History for “sheriff erath” (no quotes in the search), as Mastin was sometimes spelled incorrectly.  This article does not even refer to the sheriff by name, and some of the details of Wilson's killing are different.  Both articles note that Wilson's body was taken to Coleman City (just established in 1876). which is about 60 miles east of the fort.




There’s more about Mastin on pages 15-16 of James Pylant’s 2009 book, Sins of the Pioneers4.  He was elected sheriff on February 15, 1876, and had survived an earlier attempt on his life in November of that year "when Rufus C. Howie fired a six-shooter at him."

One of Pylant’s sources5 is an account of the killing of Mastin’s murderer, Bone Wilson, by one of the Texas Rangers participating, Noah Armstrong.  Armstrong was interviewed sometime between 1936 and 1939, as part of the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers’ Project, a New Deal jobs program that was part of the U.S. Works Progress (later Work Projects) Administration (WPA).  His account of the killing of Bone Wilson starts on the fourth page.


Sources:

1Weekly Democratic Statesman. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 39, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 5, 1877, newspaper, July 5, 1877; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth277635/m1/2/?q=mastin+erath: accessed January 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .                                                          

2The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 36, No. 161, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 27, 1877, newspaper, September 27, 1877; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth464966/m1/4/?q=mastin%20erath: accessed January 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.

3Beall, W. P. The Lampasas Dispatch (Lampasas, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 18, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 27, 1877, newspaper, September 27, 1877; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth179077/m1/3/?q=sheriff%20erath: accessed January 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

4Pylant, James. Sins of the pioneers: crimes & scandals in a small Texas town. Stephenville, TX: Jacobus Books, 2009.                                                  

5Doyle, Elizabeth, and Noah Armstrong. [Noah Armstrong]. Texas. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/wpalh002308/. (Accessed January 21, 2017.)


© Amanda Pape - 2017- click here to e-mail me.